CHIPS, LOGS, POWDER & OIL
Sandalwood we species offer
• Santalum Yasi, Origin: Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu
• Santalum Album, Origin Fiji, Vanuatu
• Santalum Astrocaledonicum, Origin Vanuatu
For sandalwood logs & chips prices, orders and please contact us for more information.
CONCENTRATION OF OIL AND SANTALOL & HEARTWOOD IN THE AVARAGE SANDALWOOD TREE
Sandalwood, Santalum Yasi, Santalum album, and Santalum Astrocaledonicum, is renowned for its fragrant heartwood. Heartwood oil assessment of standing trees differs in elavations, rainfall, and cultivation. Oil and a-santalol concertration for all sandalwood trees generally decreased exponentially up the height of the tree, with considerable variation amongst the species. The roots/butt of the tree carries the most oil percentages, followed by the trunk then branches. The oil is in the heartwood. Mean percentage heartwood and oil concentration in the wood increased significantly with sandalwood age.
Resources Fiji harvest whole trees, including the roots from the ground, de-barked and the heartwood is divided into 4 separate commercial wood grades: butt, roots, 1st grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd grade. A typical tree these days 14-35 years is 65% root & butt and 35% log & branches.
Commercially, we identify the grades as:
• Superior: All butt, root and older trees logs and branches with a-b and ed santalols greater than 60%
• Premium: All butt, root, and older trees (14+years) logs and branches with a-b and ed santalols better than 50%
• Standard: All logs and branches with a-b and ed santalols better than 40%
• Chips (sap and heartwood mixed) from sap cleaning.
Resources Fiji can identify age of the tree and size of heartwood by using industry techniques and know-how from the region.
Harvesting and Extractions Information
We use steam distillation to extract sandalwood oil from powdered sandalwood. Steam distillation is a process in which steam is heated at extremely high temperature, passed through the powder wood, the steam releases the sandalwood essential Oils that are locked within the cellular structure of the wood. The mixture of steam and oil then flows through a condenser and cools, yielding a layer of oil and a layer of water. The sandalwood essential oil separates from the hydrosol, rise to the top so it can be collected. The distillation process for sandalwood oil takes anywhere from 14-36hours. For more information contact us.