Common Name(s): English Walnut, Circassian Walnut,
European Walnut, French Walnut, Common Walnut
Scientific Name: Juglans regia
Distribution: Eastern Europe and western Asia
Janka Hardness: 1,220
Color/Appearance: Heartwood can range from a lighter pale brown to a dark chocolate brown with darker brown streaks. Color can sometimes have a gray, purple, or reddish cast. Sapwood is nearly white. European Walnut can occasionally also be found with figured grain patterns such as: curly, crotch, and burl.
Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, but can be irregular. Has a medium texture and moderate natural luster.
Workability: Typically easy to work provided the grain is straight and regular. Planer tearout can sometimes be a problem when surfacing pieces with irregular or figured grain. Glues, stains, and finishes well, (though walnut is rarely stained).
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices but is reported by the IUCN as being near threatened.
Common Uses: Furniture, cabinetry, gunstocks, interior paneling, veneer, turned items, and other small wooden objects and novelties.